The following is a list of famous mathematicians. No doubt there have been numerous men and women that made significant contributions and discoveries in the field of mathematics. However, the following people have become well known due to the impact of their works.


Pythagoras is best known for his theories concerning geometric figures and numbers. His works in the field of mathematics, astronomy and music led to numerous discoveries about numbers.

The Pythagoreans discovered that vibrating strings can generate harmonious sound provided the length ratios of the strings are whole numbers.


Archimedes made several vital discoveries. He learned that the way to weigh a mass is by immersing it in water. He also uncovered a method to determine the area below a parabola. He also made significant contributions to geometry.

Archimedes also learned that 2/3 volume of a circumscribed cylinder is the same as the volume of a sphere. He also did major work on spirals, plane equilibriums and spheroids.

Rene Descartes

Descartes is best known for his Cartesian coordinate system. This is the x and y axis used in graphs. It has become the basis for logical geometry. Aside from his mathematical works, Descartes was also a famous philosopher.

Gottfried Leibniz

Born and raised in Germany, Gottfried Leibniz made several important discoveries in mathematics. Leibniz helped lay down the foundation of calculus. Leibniz is also known for the binary concept, which lies at the heart of computers.

Alan Turing

This British mathematician is one of the most famous mathematicians of the 20th century. He became famous for his theory on algorithms and calculations. His theories helped develop the modern computer.

Today he is regarded as the founder of computer science. During World War II, Turing played a crucial role in the decoding the Nazi war codes.

Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar

Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar was one of the foremost Indian mathematicians of the 20th century. He made several important contributions in fractions, mathematical analysis and number theory. His works have become vital in the fields of crystallography and string theory.

Other Great Mathematicians

Leonhard Euler is known as the father of mathematical vocabulary and notation. Leonardo of isa, better known as Fibonacci, is remembered for the Fibonacci numbers (1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21…). Other well known mathematicians are Stefan Banach, Brook Taylor, Joseph Fourier, John von Neumann and Georg Cantor.

African Americans have also had remarkable achievements in mathematics. These include Elbert Frank Cox. Born on 1895, he became the first black person to get a PhD in math. David Harold Blackwell, on the other hand, is well known for the Rao-Blackwell Theorem.

Famous Female Mathematicians

Women have also made significant contributions to math. They include Maria Gaetana Agnesi, for her work in differential and essential calculus; Sophie Germain, for her prime number theorems and many more.

This list of the world’s most famous mathematicians will undoubtedly grow as the years go by. There are more amazing facts to be learned about numbers, and it is only a matter of time before people uncover them.